To identify and avoid hazards, individuals can take a few steps. First, they can assess the environment to identify potential risks and hazards, such as sharp objects, slippery surfaces, or trip hazards. They can then take steps to reduce the risks, such as putting away sharp objects and cleaning up spills, or using warning signs to alert others of potential hazards. Additionally, they can use protective equipment when necessary and adhere to safety protocols, such as wearing a helmet when riding a bike or using proper lifting techniques. Finally, they should be sure to stay alert and aware of their surroundings at all times.